Sumatra Mandheling Fair Trade Organic
About Sumatra Mandheling Fair Trade Organic
Arrived February 2017. This fair trade organic Sumatra is from the Sara Ate cooperative where coffee comes from small scale producers from villages near Takengon in the well known province of Aceh of northern Sumatra. The cooperative was founded in 2011 and currently has about 515 small coffee producing members. The varieties grown are Lini S-795, Typica and Caturra grown between 1,200 and 1,600 meters in volcanic soil. The typical processing method used is called "Giling Gasah" in the local Bahasa language. This method begins with a locally made de-pulper called a "luwak" that removes the skin from the coffee cherry followed by fermentation for up to a day. The coffee is then washed to remove the rest of the cherry from the coffee bean and dried in parchment until the moisture levels are reduced to 30-35%. Lastly, the parchment is removed from the bean while in the semi-wet stage, this gives the beans their unique blueish-green appearance.
Cup characteristics: Earthy, nutty, smooth on the palate. Sturdy, pronounced but not overbearing body.Roasting notes: C+ to FC are good levels for Sumatra, though it is also highly prized when roasting darker. You will find different taste characteristics at each point: At C+ sweeter, nuttier flavors, less mouthfeel; at FC mouthfeel intensifies and reveals the earthy character; as the coffee roasts longer and caramelizes the body remains with added bittersweet characteristics.
Indonesia coffee facts:
Population (2006): 245.5 Million People
Coffee Production: 6.79 Million bags (60 kg)
Country bag capacity: 132 pounds - 60 kg
Domestic Consumption: 2.14 Million bags per year
Coffee Export: 4.65 Million Bags
Cultivated Area: 250,000 Hectares
Harvests: Year round depending on region with peaks
March to June.
Arabica Introduced: Introduced in Java by the Dutch mid 17th century.
Specialty Coffee Regions: Sumatra (Aceh), Java, Timor, Sulawesi (formerly Celebes), Bali.
Grades: Grade 1 triple picked, grade 1 double picked, grade 1 , grade 2
All Arabica plantations were destroyed in 1877 by a coffee disease.