About Colombia Supremo Medellin
Arrived late May 2018.
Medellin is one of the larger coffee growing regions in Colombia, located northwest of Bogota (the capital of Colombia) in the state of Antioquia. The majority of green coffee in this country is sorted by bean size; supremo beans are large and uniform with 90% of them over screen 18. Farm elevations are generally 5200 to 6000 feet above sea level. Harvesting is done from September to December, where ripe cherries are hand picked, mostly by women from the region. The coffee is then wet processed using traditional fermentation, washed with pure mountain water using a series of canals, and sun dried on patios.
Medellin coffees tend to have a medium body and are typically not as fruity/winey as coffees from other Colombian regions. The cup is well balanced and can be enjoyed at any time of the day. Supremo beans merged from area smallholders can be simple, clean and versatile - roasters can use them as single origin offers or as blend components to add brightness.
Cup Characteristics: Clean and bright with intense aroma. Light acidity and generous sweetness; a nice preparation.
Roasting Notes: Supremo beans are large and dense, and can be roasted to all darkness levels. Their acidity holds up well to dark roasting while still being flavorful. If you roast on a Behmor we suggest P2. We felt this profile offered the best combination of body and acidity, although P3 was quite decent as well.
Colombia coffee facts:
Main crop seasons vary depending on location. For many the main crop is Sept - December. Some regions have a mid crop as well.
Population: 43.6 Million people
Domestic Consumption: 1.8 Million Bags of 70 Kg. (154 lb.)
Coffee Export: 12.5 Million Bags of 70 Kg. (154 lb.)
Cultivated Area: 1.1 Million Hectares (2.7 Million Acres)
Harvest: Main Crop: October to January (60%)
Fly Crop: April to June (40%)
Note: In Narino, due to its geography, Main and Fly crop seasons are reversed.
Arabica Introduced: From the Carribean through Venezuela
Supremo basis of a 17 screen size
Excelso basis of a 16/17 screen size
Bourbon, Typica, Caturra, Maragogype, Variety Colombia (hybrid of Timor and Caturra)
Colombia is the second largest exporter of Arabica coffee in the world. All coffee grown is Arabica species, and mostly all is grown at high elevation and wet processed. Supremo is the country's highest grade though the highest elevation coffee can be smaller and thus not able to make the size grade although more concentrated. Colombia coffee has a well-earned reputation as having fine body, pleasant acidity and clean flavor. Each region brings a little something different to the final product.