About Colombia Finca La Concepcion
Finca La Concepcion is run by Ana Lucia Dulce, the farm having been in her family for generations. At 70 hectares (about 173 acres), Finca La Concepcion is an extemely large farm for Narino, with 14 hectares dedicated to coffee production. The farm has its own wetmill, where coffee beans are double fermented during processing; first fermented in the coffee cherry, then de-pulped and fermented several hours more. After washing, the coffee is transferred to a mechanical (parabolic) drier, where it stays for 10-15 days, depending on the weather.
The 14 hectares of coffee are split up by varietal, the pricipal being Caturra (like this lot), while Variedad Colombia and Tabi are planted in smaller amounts. Caturra is a natural mutation of the Bourbon variety, discovered in Brazil in the early 20th Century. It is primarily distinguished by its smaller stature, which allows farmers to plant it more densely than other varietals, thus increasing overall yields. Variedad Colombia and Tabi are both hybrids of Caturra, prized for their smaller sizes and resistance to coffee tree diseases.
- Department: Nariño
- Municipality: Buesaco
- Altitude: 2000 Meters above sea level
- Coffee variety: 100% Caturra
- Processing: Washed
Cup Characteristics: Candy sweet and complex. Notes of cedar and blackberry jam compliment a savory cup.
Roasting Notes: The coffee is grown at a very high elevation so the beans are hard, dense and the flavors concentrated. To do justice to the coffee roast it to a City+ level and no further than the start of 2nd crack. Flavors are maximized before the beginning of second crack so better still to pull the roast a minute or so after 1st crack. The time after first crack will vary with your roaster model and ramp rate.
Colombia coffee facts:
Main crop seasons vary depending on location. For many the main crop is Sept - December. Some regions have a mid crop as well.
Population: 43.6 Million people
Domestic Consumption: 1.8 Million Bags of 70 Kg. (154 lb.)
Coffee Export: 12.5 Million Bags of 70 Kg. (154 lb.)
Cultivated Area: 1.1 Million Hectares (2.7 Million Acres)
Harvest: Main Crop: October to January (60%)
Fly Crop: April to June (40%)
Note: In Narino, due to its geography, Main and Fly crop seasons are reversed.
Arabica Introduced: From the Carribean through Venezuela
Supremo basis of a 17 screen size
Excelso basis of a 16/17 screen size
Bourbon, Typica, Caturra, Maragogype, Variety Colombia (hybrid of Timor and Caturra)
Colombia is the second largest exporter of Arabica coffee in the world. All coffee grown is Arabica species, and mostly all is grown at high elevation and wet processed. Supremo is the country's highest grade though the highest elevation coffee can be smaller and thus not able to make the size grade although more concentrated. Colombia coffee has a well-earned reputation as having fine body, pleasant acidity and clean flavor. Each region brings a little something different to the final product.