About Colombia Supremo Risaralda
Latest arrival January 2021; new crop began arriving late November 2020. The Colombia Department (State) of Risaralda is central to the great coffee growing areas of the country. It is surrounded by Tolima to the east, Cauca to the west, Quindio to the south and Caldas to the North. The principal city of the Risaralda is Pereira. We visited there about a decade ago and can attest to top coffee produced in the mountains all around the capital. Risaralda is part of the 'coffee triangle' of Colombia, where the most noted coffees are grown and the highest concentration of coffee farms. The area, in general, sits roughly 5 degrees north latitude, very close to the equator, so hours of daylight and darkness are close to even year round.
Farm elevations are generally 5200 to 6000 feet. Ripe cherries are hand picked, mostly by women from the region, then wet processed using traditional fermentation, washing with pure mountain water using a series of canals, and sun-drying on patios. Supremo beans are large and uniform with 90% of them over screen 18. This lot is comprised of Supremo beans merged from area smallholders resulting in a mix that can be used for single origin, blend components or to add brightness blends and dark roasts. These are dense, durable and large beans.
Cup Characteristics: Very clean and bright with intense aroma. Light acidity and generous sweetness. Nice preparation.
Roasting Notes: Durable, high grown coffee capable of roasts between City Plus (C+) and dark roasts past second crack, and steps in between. The beans are large and dense, having enough acidity to hold up to dark roasting while still being flavorful.
If you roast on a Behmor we suggest profile P2 for this coffee. We felt this profile offered the best combination of body and acidity. P3 is also quite decent.
Colombia coffee facts:
Main crop seasons vary depending on location. For many the main crop is Sept - December. Some regions have a mid crop as well.
Population: 43.6 Million people
Domestic Consumption: 1.8 Million Bags of 70 Kg. (154 lb.)
Coffee Export: 12.5 Million Bags of 70 Kg. (154 lb.)
Cultivated Area: 1.1 Million Hectares (2.7 Million Acres)
Harvest: Main Crop: October to January (60%)
Fly Crop: April to June (40%)
Note: In Narino, due to its geography, Main and Fly crop seasons are reversed.
Arabica Introduced: From the Carribean through Venezuela
Supremo basis of a 17 screen size
Excelso basis of a 16/17 screen size
Bourbon, Typica, Caturra, Maragogype, Variety Colombia (hybrid of Timor and Caturra)
Colombia is the second largest exporter of Arabica coffee in the world. All coffee grown is Arabica species, and mostly all is grown at high elevation and wet processed. Supremo is the country's highest grade though the highest elevation coffee can be smaller and thus not able to make the size grade although more concentrated. Colombia coffee has a well-earned reputation as having fine body, pleasant acidity and clean flavor. Each region brings a little something different to the final product.