Colombia El Vergel Geisha
About Colombia El Vergel Geisha
Arrived November 2020, new crop, in grainpro. This is an 'entry level' Geisha featuring an excellent price for quality. It is nice to see the beginning of Geisha availability at more down to earth price levels, enabling a greater number of people to experience the delicate floral and unique nature of this particular variety.
Finca El Vergel is located in Algeciras, Huila, Colombia and run by Robinson Rozo. The farm sits at an elevation of approximately 1,920 meters and consists of 68 hectares or roughly 170 acres. in total. Approximately 15 hectares are planted with coffee, or 41,500 trees in total. The 41,500 trees consist of the following varieties: 12,000 Caturra, 8,000 Variedad Colombia, 1,500 Typica, 14,000 Catimor and 6,000 Geisha.
Robinson, along with his siblings, each inherited a piece of the land and the 2.25 hectare that Robinson has planted are entirely Geisha trees. However, Robinson recently also bought another farm nearby and planted 2,000 trees of Java variety. The unique characteristic is that currently all of the infrastructure is at the larger farm, El Vergel, and all coffee, for now, from both farms, will be processed there. They have an extensive wet-mill and sufficient space to dry both washed and naturals, something quite rare for producers in Colombia. Robinson is a young, motivated producer, but not new to specialty. Before planting his own trees, Robinson learned how to cup at one of Colombia's local trade schools, El Sena.
When producing washed versions of Geisha, Robinson uses two days of picking for each lot, with one part fermented 36 hours in cherry and the other lot fermented 12 hours in cherry and both blended together. For example, he picks on Monday, leaves the coffee in cherry, picks coffee the next day and then on Wednesday morning, he de-pulps and ferments anaerobically, in bags, for 26 hours. It is important to note that all coffee in floated in cherry before de-pulping. Upon washing the coffee, it is taken to dry, which can range anywhere from 20-25 days, depending on the climate.
- Country: Colombia
- Region: Huila
- Municipality: Algeciras
- Producer: Robinson Rozo
- Variety: Geisha
- Processing: Washed but uniquely
- Elevation: 1920 meters
Cup Characteristics: Mildly floral, orange blossom,which increased as the coffee cooled. Flavors of bergamot, chamomile tea, honey, mead and coconut.
Roasting Notes: Geisha coffees need to be roasted on the light side in order to preserve their floral nature. Roast them too much and it will dissipate and much that you paid for will be lost. Let the coffee get fully past first crack, but if your roaster allows it, kick the heat down to nearly zero once first crack gets going and allow the coffee to slowly develop. You don't want to take this too close to second crack.
Colombia coffee facts:
Main crop seasons vary depending on location. For many the main crop is Sept - December. Some regions have a mid crop as well.
Population: 43.6 Million people
Domestic Consumption: 1.8 Million Bags of 70 Kg. (154 lb.)
Coffee Export: 12.5 Million Bags of 70 Kg. (154 lb.)
Cultivated Area: 1.1 Million Hectares (2.7 Million Acres)
Harvest: Main Crop: October to January (60%)
Fly Crop: April to June (40%)
Note: In Narino, due to its geography, Main and Fly crop seasons are reversed.
Arabica Introduced: From the Carribean through Venezuela
Supremo basis of a 17 screen size
Excelso basis of a 16/17 screen size
Bourbon, Typica, Caturra, Maragogype, Variety Colombia (hybrid of Timor and Caturra)
Colombia is the second largest exporter of Arabica coffee in the world. All coffee grown is Arabica species, and mostly all is grown at high elevation and wet processed. Supremo is the country's highest grade though the highest elevation coffee can be smaller and thus not able to make the size grade although more concentrated. Colombia coffee has a well-earned reputation as having fine body, pleasant acidity and clean flavor. Each region brings a little something different to the final product.