Behmor 1600 Plus Home Coffee Roaster
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About Behmor 1600 Plus Home Coffee Roaster
We are one of the largest sellers of Behmor roasters and, in addition to the many that we have sold, we also use several units extensively for roasting in our offices. The Behmor 1600 Plus replaced the Behmor 1600 in September 2014. The only change between the Plus and its predecessor is a new Control Board (aka PCB) that will provide additional roasting controls and information. The PCB will allow home roasters to switch between the original automatic profiles and new manual settings. Users will be able to read thermistor and exhaust temperatures and also switch between two drum speeds. Please note: if you own a Behmor 1600 you can convert it to the Plus model by purchasing and installing a Behmor Plus Upgrade Kit, available on our site for $49.95.
Behmor continually tries to improve its products. Within the past couple of years there have been improvements to the chaff tray, a fan was added to the side panel and the roasting grid itself was simplified with an easy clasp and welds made at each intersection so that gaps cannot develop. We always have the latest model available.
The Behmor Plus ships with the latest Low Profile Chaff Tray. Thischaff tray design significantly improves bean visibility,enhances airflow for improved cooling, as well as collecting chaff betterthan its predecessor. It represents Behmor's commitment to improve theroasting experience and results for users of our mutual home roastingcustomers.
The tray has a series of vanes or louvers that open whenin the "in use" position, meaning when inside the roaster. Duringroasting, the chaff that comes off the roasting coffee, is blown overand behind the louvers, trapping it. By doing so, the chance of chaffignition is all but eliminated while airflow, for the roast itself, isimproved. Air passes through the vanes but chaff is left behind. Aclever solution and a real enhancement. One of the original criticismsof the Behmor was the difficulty in seeing beans within the roastingchamber as they were partially blocked by the old style chaff tray. Aworkaround was developed where a piece of the mesh was cutout to allowbetter vision. Now, with the new low profile chaff tray, thatworkaround is obsolete. The new chaff tray is only half the height asits predecessor (see above), ending beneath the window in the door. Theuser now has an unobstructed view of the coffee roasting within!
The most up-to-date versions of the Behmor 1600 Plus manual, warranty andsafeguards can be downloaded by following these links.
Behmor 1600 Plus
We have a terrific relationship with Joe Behm, the inventor and developerof this roaster, who had been working on it for seven years prior toits introduction. The roaster, prior to its official release, took theBest New Product Award at the 2006 Specialty Coffee Association show inLong Beach, a real coup. The Behmor 1600 was introduced to the publicin 2007 and we have been offering the roaster since the first day.Today, very many Behmors are in use and there is a legion of satisfiedcustomer who have become come to enjoy the benefits of home roastingthe easy, smokeless way.
The Behmor 1600 Plus roasts 1/4, 1/2 or 1 pound of coffee. It has a choice of five profile programs. You cannot save program changes but some modifications can be made to roasts during a roast cycle to alter results. A terrific feature is the Behmors smoke suppression system which is very effective at nearly eliminating roasting smoke and much of the associated aroma. This roaster, as the instructions will tell you, is not for doing dark roasts. The maximum roast darkness is 10 seconds beyond the second crack, which would be approximately a lightly spotted roast, a little beyond Full City, or what you might describe as a light Viennese. If you wish to roast coffee darker than this you should look at our other choices in home roasters. But, if your needs are in the realm of lighter roasts, which are best for coffees flavor nuances, the Behmor is a real contender.
The Behmor 1600 Plus offers a lot of surprises andin many ways it is a wolf in sheeps clothing. Upon opening theshipping box the first impression was that the box itself wassubstantial. When we took the roaster out of the inner productpackaging a few things stood out. Firstly, and everyone will say this,the roaster looks like a toaster oven or perhaps a microwave. I have toadmit its nicely made and its obvious from the outset that a lot ofdetail and thought has gone into its finishes. The exterior, pull downdoor has brushed stainless facing out, with a knife shaped window acouple of inches tall and nearly the full width of the door. To theright of the door is the control panel and display.
Behmor Construction Details
Open the front door and the first thing that greets youis perforated stainless steel. Upon unpacking the roaster and readingthe directions fully, you will learn that this is the chaff collectorand it is fabricated of stainless throughout. It has a pivoting grabhandle attached to its exterior. On its interior is a shiny stainlessdustpan floor, which will later be used to catch any chaff that didnot get caught in the device. A 2-inch paintbrush, provided, is thebroom. This combination, a little humorous at first, is like manyaspects of the Behmor 1600 Plus that you will later come to appreciate. Itworks.
After removing the chaff collector you will see thecylindrical grid in which coffee actually roasts. Whenremoved, the grid or drum opens on one end and has a clamp to keep itclosed. The clamp itself has recently been simplified.
Originally, Behmors were packed with one cylinder andafter some time users wanted one with smaller spacing so small orirregular shaped beans would not fall through the grid. Hence, theso-called small grid cylinder was developed and it eventually became the standard issue, replacing the original. In late December 2012 the third generation of grid was introduced. The latest grid which has a diagonal pattern has a simplified clasp on the end where coffee is loaded. It also has welds at each intersection which replace an unwelded basketweave pattern that had some small potential for spreading.
The drum, of course, turns during roasting. It can onlyattach to the roaster housing and its motor one way. One side of thedrum has a square peg that fits into a square hole; the other side isrounded and slips into a receiving collar once the square end is inplace. Youare to lift up on the left side collared end and, moving the drum tothe left, it should withdraw from the square hole.
With the drum out the interior is clean and surroundedby stainless surfaces. At the rear of the roaster are its heatingelements, two 525-watt glass-heating elements for a total of 1050watts, more than other home roasters. This is one reason the Behmor iscapable of roasting up to a pound. At the top of the interior is aheated exhaust, which is responsible for removing smoke and someroasting odor. The interior is lit and the light can be turned on afterthe start of a roast with a button on the control panel; the light goesout after the cooling cycle has ended unless you want to turn it off sooner.
Roasting with the Behmor 1600 Plus
Thisroaster was designed to appeal to a broad range of consumers, meaningthat it had to be simple enough to be a home appliance for anyoneinterested in home roasting without their full immersion in coffeeknowledge and roasting technique; but, it also needed to have some ofthe bells, whistles and controls for the experienced or tech-savvyenthusiast - a tall order and likely an impossible one. The Behmor 1600 Plus adds optional manual controls and readouts that were missing from the previous model. Also, to increase the safety of home roasting, Behmor has added an blinking alert at 75% into the roast that verifies you are in attendance and paying attention to your roast. If you don't hit the start button within 30 seconds then the roast will end. This requires you stay by the roaster and watch its display rather than walk away and risk an issue.
For a detailed overview of new features available in the Behmor Plus and its control panel please head here.
Being a very quiet roaster it is easy to hear coffee gothrough first crack. Behm has no doubt done laborious measurements todetermine about how long it takes for coffee to go from first to secondcrack under various conditions, such as bean type, weight of coffeebeing roasted and selected profile. In their manual they direct you to use their "Rosetta Stone", a simple guide to how long it takes for coffee to go from first to second crack based on bean weight. Taking their advice in this regard is good idea, especially for new users, even those with prior roasting experience.
The roasters interior 15 watt light provides enough visibility to see bean development; with the advent of the new, low profile chaff tray, you now have an unobstructed view, a real improvement over the taller, original tray. You will get the hang of roasting on the Behmor quickly. You will also find that the profiles built in to the Behmor are very close to what you will likely seek in finished roasts and highly repeatable. This roasters ability to repeat results is one of its strengths.
Profiles - As previouslymentioned there are five pre-set roasting profiles. Joe Behm, inventorof the Behmor, is not a coffee roaster himself by trade. But, hehad valuable input and advice from some experienced industry insidersin developing these profiles. The instructions provided suggest whichprofile to use for a particular type of bean which they classify as:hard, soft or island. Further, there are specific instructions aboutroasting ¼, ½, or 1 pound of coffee for each of the profiles. Weight ofthe coffee being roasted increases roast time, with full poundsreaching more than twenty minutes. This may be of concern to some, butcoffee can be roasted for extended times as long as it is not baking orcausing beans to chip.
Keypad - The control panelkeypad is broken into sections for:
To do a roast choose a profile and select theappropriate weight of coffee to be roasted (¼, ½, or 1 pound). Oncethose decisions have been made you would press a series of buttons tostart a roast. For example, if you wanted to roast a half pound of hardbean Guatemala at Profile 2, you would press these buttons: 1/2, P2, B,Start. The first button selects the weight, the second the profile, thethird, B, sets a time adjustment, in this case 13 minutes, and finally,you press the Start button to begin the roast.
Shown below are the initial start times associated witheach weight and program buttons. These can be further adjusted with theplus and minus time increment buttons up to the maximum allowed foreach profile and weight combination.
Important: We observed nohot spots, tipping or chipping of the beans during any roast cycles.Beans roasted uniformly. The drums design, which has several paddlesand vee shapes, provides for ample mixing and movement during roasting.Also of significance, coffee is not roasting in a smoky environment sothe roasted beans have a cleaner, brighter taste. Many commercialroasters cannot lay claim to this, not to mention home roasters.
Here is the logic: P1 is the hottest, fastest roast, P5 the slowest and the others are variations in between. Behmor shows P1 and P2 as roasts for Hard Bean coffees;P3 for Soft Bean/low grown coffees; P4 for soft or espresso blends;and, P5 for Island coffees such as those from Hawaii, Jamaica, etcroasted to City/City+. Our own assessment and preference differsslightly for a number of coffees we have roasted. We find ourselvesgravitating to P2 and P3 for many coffees. This profile provides brightnessplus body. The P5 profile is a sharp contrast to the others in that itproduces roasts that are definitely skewed toward acidity; many of themid tones and body are missing. Nonetheless, it is informative to seethe effects on the final output.
While the roasting profiles cannot be altered orreprogrammed, it is possible to add or subtract time to roasts oncethey have started and effectively tweak them in this fashion. Thisroaster is unique in that you can continue to add increments up to themaximum allowed for each profile and weight combination (see chartbelow), though be cautioned, once past second crack you will begin tobe inundated with smoke and this roaster has not been designed toproduce dark roasts. The Hottop by contrast, allows the user to add 5thirty second Plus Times in total to the preset roast time.
Maximum Roast Times - Theroaster will not let you roast longer than the times shown below foreach weight and profile as indicated.
The Behmor 1600 proved to be the most popular home roaster on the market. The Plus model takes it to the next level making manual controls available in addition to fully automatic settings. In addition new readouts provide the temperatures of the exhaust channel or chamber wall. Thebottom line is that it roasts coffee very well and does so with aminimum of noise and smoke, making it well suited to home use. Theprice point puts it in reach of most consumers, filling a gap betweenthe smaller roasters that sell for less than $200 and the larger Hottopand Genecafe roasters that sell for hundreds more. Also, theflexibility to roast batches up to a full pound yet as small as aquarter pound is terrific. Profiles are effective. The appearance ofthe roaster, though not 'roaster-like' will feel at home in kitchens orother areas of the home.
We strongly recommend that you restrict yourself to 1/4 pound roasts until you have gained real proficiency with the roaster before moving on to larger roasts. This will reduce failures and increase safety.
Behmor recommends you refer to the latest productdocuments. This manual provides more detail than the one packed withthe roaster. Reference materials available for download: