About Kenya AB Chinga auction lot
Arrived September 2014. The Chinga wet mill is located in the Nyeri district of Kenya. The wet mill processes about 230 acres worth of coffee and is part of the Othaya Farmers' Cooperative Society, which is made up of 783 members. Coffee is grown at almost 1800 meters above sea level and is mainly SL28 and SL34 varieties. Grown in red volcanic soil rich in phosphorus the coffee is then harvested and wet processed where the fully ripe cherries are pulped, fermented, washed and slowly dried over a period of 2 to 3 weeks until moisture content has been reduced to a level of 10%. The coffee is then delivered to the dry mill, called the Othaya coffee mill, where it is processed and prepared for shipment.
Location: Nyeri (Othaya Constituency)
Altitude: 1795 meters, 5889 feet
Area: 232.2 acres
Cup Characteristics: A full, smooth body with tones of black currant, citrus acidity, vanilla and hints of nuttiness.
Roasting Notes: Like most top Kenya coffee, these beans are hard and dense and can be roasted to a variety of darkness levels. Most floral and delicate notes will be presented at City+ to FC range. The delicate nuances of this coffee will present themselves at lightly roasted levels but be sure to have a full first crack. Behmor users try P1 or P3.
Kenya coffee facts:
Population (2006): 34.7 million People
Coffee Production: 880,000 bags (60 kg)
Country bag capacity: 132 pounds - 60 kg
Domestic Consumption: 50,000 bags
Coffee Export: 850,000 bags
Cultivated Area: 127,000 Hectares (314,000 acres)
Harvests: 2 per year
- Main crop October to December
- Fly crop June to August
Arabica Introduced: Introduced from Ethiopia via Yemen at the end of the 19th century, by the Fathers of the Holy Spirit Congregation. Bourbon varietal introduced from Reunion in 1901 by missionaries. Kent varietal introduced early 20th century from the Indies.
Specialty Coffee Regions: North and northeast of Nairobi; high plateaus surrounding Mt. Kenya. Soil is volcanic.
Grades: AA Plus, AA, peaberry
Farms: About 350,000 farms with an average of 0.2 hectares (about 1/2 acre). 8 major preparation cooperatives.
Botanical Varietals: Bourbon, Kent, various hybrids (SL-28, SL-34, Riuru 11), Blue Mountain (from Jamaica).
One of the great coffee producers. Coffee accounts for 27% of the country's exports and half of their agricultural output. Shading, by banana trees, is a common practice.
Kenya has a weekly auction system that has been in place for many years. It does not provide transparency of revenues to growers and the system is said to be flawed by a complex web of middlemen. There are allegations of corruption as well. The government is working to develop a more direct model whereby growers can offer their coffees more directly to foreign buyers thus reaping a better price.